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The The central conclusion of the CAOI Seminar was the rejection of the green economy model, which deepens the commercialization of Mother Earth, and the commitment to the deepening of Good Living as an alternative to climate change and the crisis of civilization. D ince the vision of indigenous peoples, an exclusively technical or exclusively economic solution to the environmental crisis is not possible: the solution must be comprehensive because everything is interrelated, everything is a single body, a single ecosystem.
Between June 20 and 22, 2012, the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, known as Rio + 20, will meet in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. What is debated and agreed in it will affect us as indigenous peoples. This makes it essential that as indigenous organizations we are well informed about the issues that will be discussed at Rio + 20 in order to be able to articulate our points of view and our proposals on each point of their agenda.
With this objective in mind, the Andean Coordinator of Indigenous Organizations (CAOI) held the Discussion Seminar on Climate Change and Rio + 20 on March 14 and 15, the results of which are a series of contributions to the Zero Draft from The future we want, a document that the States will discuss at Rio + 20 and on which the Main Group of Indigenous Peoples has prepared a five-point proposal called The future we indigenous peoples want.
Rio + 20 takes place exactly 20 years after the first Earth Summit in 1992, which also took place in Rio de Janeiro, in response to growing global concern about environmental problems. This Summit also adopted Agenda 21, a United Nations action program for the 21st century, which includes a set of recommendations to States to transform the current development model, based on unlimited exploitation of resources, into one that do not endanger the survival of future generations. An agenda for sustainable development, but based on economic growth, which in practice focuses on extractive activities, which generate greater abuse of the environment and deepen social inequalities.
The central themes of Rio + 20 are: one, the green economy, defined by the United Nations as a system of economic activities related to the production, distribution and consumption of goods and services that results in improvements in human well-being in the long term, without expose future generations to environmental risks and significant ecological scarcity. And two, the creation of an institutional framework for sustainable development, to reform and strengthen governance at the local, national, regional and global levels in order to promote comprehensive sustainable development.
The concept of sustainable development is in crisis. At the global level, the powerful insist on a development paradigm that continues to prioritize economic growth and the commodification of natural assets, a model that is at the service of transnational corporations. For this reason, not only have the objectives proposed in Rio'92 not been achieved, but, worse still, there is greater social inequality, less access to land, water, food, employment and other basic services. And Mother Earth continues to be hurt.
And the green economy would not help achieve the Rio + 20 goals either, because:
· It does not abandon the traditional capitalist ideas of market liberalization and the promotion of North-South commercial relations.
· Maintains confidence in the logic of sustained growth to gradually solve the world's environmental and social problems.
· It does not question the finite capacity of the earth, as well as the finite capacity to assimilate the wastes of human activity.
In this framework, the central conclusion of the CAOI Seminar was the rejection of the green economy model, which deepens the commercialization of Mother Earth, and the commitment to the deepening of Good Living as an alternative to climate change and the crisis of civilization. This implies globalizing the proposal of the indigenous peoples of Good Living in the face of climate change, the most visible problem of the crisis of civilization, and the false solutions based on market mechanisms with which it is intended to confront it.
Likewise, formulate a call to the international community to reflect on the root causes of the crisis, in order to achieve a holistic vision of the problems. Because from the perspective of indigenous peoples, an exclusively technical or exclusively economic solution to the environmental crisis is not possible: the solution must be comprehensive because everything is interrelated, everything is a single body, a single ecosystem.
The following are, in short summary, the proposals of the Andean indigenous peoples to The future we indigenous peoples want, which we attach. The CAOI will agree on these proposals with those presented by the regional indigenous organizations of the continent (Coordinator of Indigenous Organizations of the Amazon Basin - COICA, Indigenous Council of Central America - CIMA, Indigenous Council of Central America - CICA, Continental Link of Indigenous Women and others organizations) articulated in the Abya Yala Indigenous Forum and from there we will take them to the Global Indigenous Caucus, to finally make the voice of indigenous peoples heard at Rio + 20.
1. Recognition of culture as the fourth pillar of sustainable development.
Indigenous peoples affirm that natural biodiversity and cultural biodiversity are linked and must be protected in the same measure. This implies respect for cultures, their knowledge and their practices, as well as strengthening the management of the peoples and communities that inhabit areas of high biodiversity, including all their natural assets.
In this framework, interculturality must be a cross-cutting axis of all programs to eradicate poverty and raise human development indices: education, health, housing, etc.
2. Recognition of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples as the standard for the implementation of sustainable development at all levels.
The guarantee of the participation of all peoples and cultures in the cycle of policies related to the green economy and sustainable development must be expressly recognized.
In addition, safeguard systems should be established, based on the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, for the process of implementation and financing of sustainable development and green economy policies and programs. In particular, reaffirm the free, prior and informed consent of the indigenous peoples and local communities involved. For this reason, the document must also make explicit ILO Convention 169 and not only the aforementioned United Nations Declaration.
The document makes reference to Pachamama, but does not make explicit the need for a Declaration of the Rights of Mother Earth. This must be linked to a legal instrument such as the Climate Justice Court that sanctions acts that violate the rights of Mother Earth.
3. Safeguard the lands, territories and resources and associated customary management and sustainable use systems of indigenous peoples, small producers and local communities, as essential contributions to sustainable development.
Conservation of water sources, glaciers, moors and headwaters of the basin; the urgency for States to agree on actions to guarantee both food security and sovereignty; and the implementation of clear biosecurity policies.
Recognition, respect, protection and technical and financial assistance to the systems of indigenous peoples and local communities for the management and handling of areas of high biodiversity, water sources, glaciers, forests, moors and headwaters of the basin.
4. Indigenous and traditional knowledge are different and special contributions to learning and action in the 21st century
The Zero Draft must recognize and protect the ancestral knowledge of indigenous peoples and protect their sacred sites. The recovery and protection of collective ancestral knowledge of indigenous peoples must have the necessary safeguards.
Furthermore, it must be made explicit that this knowledge may not be violated by any normative agreement for the protection of intellectual property in favor of private companies. And no measure of protection of intellectual property should be an obstacle to the transfer of technology, which is an obligation of the countries of the North.
Special patent systems for traditional knowledge of indigenous peoples. Commitment of the States and international cooperation agencies to strengthen capacities and provide access to technological advances for indigenous peoples and local communities.
5. Gender equality
The Zero Draft it must contain the vision of women, childhood and youth in a transversal way. Include the recognition of indigenous women as transmitters of indigenous knowledge through their mother tongue. Make explicit the effects of climate change for women (migration, more responsibilities) and agree on measures to tackle these problems. Likewise, guarantee the right of access to the territories of women to ensure the survival of the peoples.
Lima, March 19, 2012.
Andean Coordinator of Indigenous Organizations, CAOI
Confederation of Peoples of the Kichwa Nationality of Ecuador, ECUARUNARI
National Council of Ayllus and Markas del Qullasuyu, CONAMAQ
National Indigenous Organization of Colombia, ONIC
National Confederation of Communities of Peru Affected by Mining, CONACAMI