The need for an education that promotes criticism and thought in the face of another that trains obedient people, a comparison between September 11, 1973 in Chile and that same date in 2001 in New York, and the statement that the current economic model is exploding, but more important than that, the destruction of the planet by human beings, are some of the topics that the American academic and social activist Noam Chomsky discussed during the videoconference that took place this Friday in the context of the last day of sessions of the colloquium "The Mexican left of the 20th century: lines and perspectives".
The meeting began last Monday with national and foreign guests, and this Friday the presentations were "Armed conflicts, riots, memories of light; The moving image as subversion and Sounds of resistance."
The day began with the dialogue between Chomsky and the coordinator of the colloquium, Aki Itami Ramírez; the advisor of the colloquium, Rodrigo Fernández de Gortari, and the professor and philosopher Lutz A. Keferstein, who brought to the table a question posed at another time by the monero from La Jornada Rafael Barajas, El Fisgón: What must happen for this economy to explode ?
Well, it's already exploding, Chomsky said. His image on a screen, his voice almost inaudible by the noise of the transmission. But it explodes at a speed that for us is not perceptibly fast, it was heard in translation.
It can be seen that this bubble is exploding because since the arrival of neoliberalism and the abandonment of social economic policies, in countries where this model has been applied, mainly in Latin America, which in the 1980s was the region that was most interested in These policies, who studied them the most, and their nations served as a laboratory for experimentation with these policies, economic growth has ceased.
However, those countries that were most affected have already begun to try to decipher what they can change, and Latin America has begun to move away from these models, except for Mexico, which has had one of the lowest growth rates on the continent. In the south, with countries like Ecuador or Brazil, they have not been one hundred percent successful, but they have had some success in freeing themselves from the control of the IMF or international financial systems. For the first time the Latin American nations began to work together, to integrate, which was a requisite for independence and to free themselves from imperialist control; this is a very important development and we have seen quite significant examples.
In this context, Washington's decision to reactivate relations with Cuba was not to get it out of its isolation, but so that the United States would not be completely isolated.
“We cannot predict when this bubble will burst, we cannot predict anything. However, the political and economic are academic issues: there is an even bigger crisis, which is the one that will destroy us all unless something is done about it: the environmental crisis. "
“It is a very dangerous situation; every day there is new scientific information about its severity. It is very clear to us - to almost all scientists and those paying attention - that if most of the fossil fuels are not left in the ground, the chance that we can survive is very slim.
“Currently, the destruction of species is at a level similar to that of 65 million years ago, and very close to the great extinction, when an asteroid hit the Earth and caused the extinction of the dinosaurs, which allowed the development of humans and mammals, but it was a time of great destruction of the species. We are in the same situation, only now humans are that asteroid that causes destruction.
"If this ecological crisis is not solved quickly, then the other questions are just going to fade."
Another question was how to decolonize education to create a more equitable world. In this regard, the American thinker and critic spoke of the need for an educational model in which students are taught to think, to solve problems, to investigate, instead of forcing them to memorize as part of an educational model that he called banking , that the only thing that it generates are obedient people who join the army or to be part of the mass production processes, adopting the position that they are told.
The decolonizing model, he pointed out, represents a strong problem for the right wing, because it generates independent people.
The last question was about September 11 in two different years: that of 1973, with the assassination of Chilean socialist president Salvador Allende and the establishment of the dictatorship, and that of 2001, with the attacks on the World Trade Center in New York in the one that 3 thousand people died.
Chomsky emphasizes: Killing 3,000 people is not a small thing; 3,000 people is the number of murders of Obama's antiterrorist campaign, which is the largest in history, killing people who were suspected of attacking the United States. So 9/11 is serious business, but in the south it was an even more serious event, because more than 75,000 people died at the hands of dictatorial regimes.
“It was a part of something even bigger that began in the 1960s: in 1962 Kennedy changed the mission of the American militia, which from being a defense militia used it for internal security, which means that it acts more in against its population. Then there was the establishment of the next neo-Nazi dictatorship in Brazil, then Chile, also Uruguay and the worst was Argentina. "
All this plague spread in Central America. It was a terrible period of destruction, torture, murder. These events had a very great historical importance, but little discussed in the United States and Europe for the usual reasons: only the crimes of others are discussed and not their own, no matter how big they are.