We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
By Freddy Pacheco León *
They show special interest towards GROUNDWATER sources, due to their high potability and large reserves, which can be extracted with relative ease. Which is why they promote its management in more easily manageable political spheres than technical ones.
Faced with a report presented in Japan by Michel Camdessus (“Financing Water for All”), the former head of the International Monetary Fund provoked strong rejections from the defenders of water, in sufficient quality and quantity, as a HUMAN RIGHT. The distinguished Indian professional VANDANA SHIVA, summed up the paradox thus: "People do not take money, we drink water", while others expressed their rejection of the commercial vision of the "water cartel" with expressions such as "Water is life" and "Water It belongs to the people ”.
Renowned Canadian water advocates Tony Clark and Maude Barlow also joined more than 200 organizations on a mission to address the vision of the World Water Forums organizers that sees water as an ECONOMIC GOOD that produces profit, plus that as a social good and a human right.
It is precisely under this context that it is necessary to analyze what, sponsored by the GWP!, Is happening in Costa Rica regarding the repeal that has been proposed to make the magnificent WATER LAW (and its reforms) that Dr. Rafael Ángel Calderón Guardia on August 26, 1942. Law, which together with the enactment of the Labor Code, Social Guarantees and the foundation of the University of Costa Rica (among others) constitute the sustenance of great and precious achievements of the Costa Rican people, in the social, cultural and health fields.
Well friends, a project promoted by the GWP, not only proposes to bury the Water Law, but it replaces it with a new regulation that evidences its intentions by declaring that WATER IS AN ECONOMIC GOOD, at the same time that it takes away from Aqueducts and Sewers (AyA) the prerogative to govern the waters of public domain. This is part of a strategy that supposedly seeks to “strengthen” the ASADAS, “freeing” them from the guiding action of the AyA, which as the governing body maintains a transcendental joint and comprehensive vision of the country. This objective they hope to achieve with the approval of a “sister” project that is being processed as part of what they have called the “legislative agenda for water”.
Thus, the ASADAS, made up of individuals, would become individually and jointly, those in charge of processing flows and rates according to the conjunctural interests of their locality, in competition with a five-member “Water User Societies”, which, governed by the Law of Associations, they would be in charge of managing, in expected cases, the same sources of water, where appropriate, for agricultural use. “Societies” that only have as a requirement that they do not own farms and projects in the area, but that could compete with the needs of the communities served by the ASADAS, or even become obstacles that are difficult to overcome for agricultural projects. that are not attractive to their members.
In addition to the above, and in accordance with the undoubted importance of UNDERGROUND WATERS, the new project ignores the trajectory and professional and technical work that for three decades has been forging within the framework of SENARA, the “Subterranean Water Service, Irrigation and Drainage ”. Their intentions to put these resources at the disposal of political power, materialized them by destroying the specialized entity (even from the name they remove the expression "Underground Waters"!) To transfer this strategic function to a "direction" of the Minae that does not have the resources professionals, technical, financial or logistical necessary to fulfill the function that today (still) is an essential part of SENARA. With this, if this contaminated project is approved, Costa Ricans would not have it, who knows for how long! with a specialized entity capable of carrying out studies, diagnoses, inquiries and, among others, responding to requirements of the Setena as part of the environmental assessment processes, creating an institutional vacuum of unimaginable consequences for the management of underground water resources throughout the country .
But if the summary is not enough to have an idea of the intentions behind the hundred articles that are being used to repeal the excellent Law that Dr. Calderón Guardia inherited from us, let's look at two more points. The first was declared unconstitutional by Chamber IV of the Supreme Court of Justice, which considered that reducing the areas of protection of springs from 125,600 m2 to 1,256 m2 violated the constitutional right "to a healthy and ecologically balanced environment." Regression that would allow to pass to private property, areas equivalent to about 12 hectares that today are in the public domain around each spring, and that is approved, with the rest of the Law, in the first legislative debate on Monday, March 31 of this year, without any of its articles having been discussed! in view of the need to comply with the deadline established by the Law of Popular Initiatives.
And the second point is perhaps even more illuminating about the intentions of its promoters. It turns out that the text entered in the Legislative Assembly reads a general principle that was the one that motivated some 150,000 people to sign on the sheets that were made available to them. It says thus: "Access to water IN ADEQUATE QUALITY AND QUANTITY and sanitation are fundamental HUMAN RIGHTS indispensable to satisfy all basic needs." Something close to what is to be included as a constitutional principle, consistent with what was approved by a UN body at the initiative of Bolivia and which will have the explicit support of Costa Rica.
As it turns out, the “hairy hand” of the water cartel erased the soul of that principle, leaving it like this: “Access to water for human consumption and sanitation is a fundamental and indispensable human right”. Thus, the reference to "adequate quality and quantity", for which thousands of Costa Ricans signed, was surreptitiously ELIMINATED in an informal session of the commission that carelessly analyzed this project sponsored by the GWP. Project that is part of a conspiracy, which, as part of it, its interested promoters want to vote again "blindly" like six months ago ... to be sure to appear before the high international hierarchy of the GWP with a smile of "mission fulfilled ”. Would the current deputies allow it?
* Doctor of Biology