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Kandovan a stone town with more than 700 years in Iran

Kandovan a stone town with more than 700 years in Iran


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A river coming from the Sahand peaks passes through the valley. There are a number of natural springs north of the river and the water has traditionally been used to treat kidney stones, according to local residents.

Strange villa.

The village resembles the images in fairy tales. Natural cones, scattered over a wide area, serve as human dwellings in rock formations that appear to have been the work of sculptors. The road from Tabriz passes through this strange town. Upon getting closer to the dwellings, the visitor realizes that these hollow cones interconnected with openings on their surface play the role of real windows.

The unusual cone formations are said to have formed from volcanic ash and debris thrown up during an eruption of Mount Sahand, hardened and shaped by the elements over thousands of years.

The formation of volcanic cinder cones is unique in Kandovan. In other places, ash covered the ground. The existence of a large volume of ash and pumice far from Sahand crater indicates that Mount Sahand exploded in a gigantic explosion in the distant past.


The Sahand rock is approximately one million years old and it is believed that the last eruption of Mount Sahand may have occurred within the Holocene epoch in the last 11,000 years.

Today, Mount Sahand is a dormant volcano that has a lake (crater) surrounded by 12 peaks, the highest of which rises to a height of 3,707 meters. Most cave houses are two to four stories high. In a typical four-story house, the ground or first floor is used as an animal shelter, the next two floors are used as a living room, and the upper floor is used for storage.

Ancient origins

Legend has it that the first inhabitants of Kandovan moved there in the 13th century to escape the invading Mongol army. They dug shelters in the volcanic rocks, but eventually decided to settle in these caves that gradually developed and became permanent, multi-story dwellings.

Since then, many generations of their descendants have continued to live in the same houses.

There are indications that the current residents are successors to the cave dwellers who inhabited 1,600-3,000 years ago, making them contemporaries to the first known presence of Zoroastrians in the region.

The houses are known as karan in the local dialect. One interpretation has the word Kandovan as a plural form of Kandou, a hive. Another interpretation holds Kandovan means Land of Unknown Carvers.

In 317 BC, the Macedonian Commander Antigonus Monophthalmus is quoted as saying that he found Kossaeans (little houses), calling them cavemen.


What to do

Kandovan's attractions, however, are not limited to its unusual caves.

It is situated in a picturesque green valley where wild plants and spring waters are reputed to have healing properties. The spring waters, which are traditionally used to cure kidney problems, attract many people from surrounding towns and beyond. The combination of the landscape and natural resources of Kandovan has made it a popular destination for visitors.

Some of the wild plants in the area are also reputed to have therapeutic properties.

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Video: Kandovan Village Iran. यह बल म रहत ह लग (July 2022).


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